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Reappraising Cognitive Styles in Adaptive Web Applications

  • Elizabeth Brown, School of Computer Science & IT, University of Nottingham, UK
  • Tim Brailsford, School of Computer Science & IT, University of Nottingham, UK
  • Tony Fisher, School of Education, University of Nottingham, UK
  • Adam Moore, School of Computer Science & IT, University of Nottingham, UK
  • Helen Ashman, School of Computer Science & IT, University of Nottingham, UK

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Track: E* Applications: E-Communities, E-Learning, E-Commerce, E-Science, E-Government, and E-Humanities

The mechanisms for personalisation used in web applications are currently the subject of much debate amongst researchers from many diverse subject areas. One of the most contemporary ideas for user modelling in web applications is that of cognitive styles, where a user's psychological preferences are assessed, stored in a database and then used to provide personalised content and/or links. We describe user trials of a case study that utilises visual-verbal preferences in an adaptive web-based educational system (AWBES). Students in this trial were assessed by the Felder-Solomon Inventory of Learning Styles (ILS) instrument, and their preferences were used as a means of content personalisation.

Contrary to previous findings by other researchers, we found no significant differences in performance between matched and mismatched students. Conclusions are drawn about the value and validity of using cognitive styles as a way of modelling user preferences in educational web applications.

Citation

Brown, E., Brailsford, T., Fisher, T., Moore, A., and Ashman, H. 2006. Reappraising cognitive styles in adaptive web applications. In Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on World Wide Web (Edinburgh, Scotland, May 23 - 26, 2006). WWW '06. ACM Press, New York, NY, 327-335.
DOI= http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1135777.1135827

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